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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

HISTORY    A1£D    HUMAN    RELATIONS

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movement that takes place in different dimensions__

delineating the past in its broad expanse for example,
but showing also that it is moving all the time.

It is even true to say that the polemical and critical
writing, as well as some of the creative work, of the
literary historians contributed something to that develop-
ment of historical-mindedness which was taking place
in the nineteenth century. They helped students to
become conscious of the fact that when one confronts
a different age of history or a different country from one's
own, there are transpositions to be made in the mind,
there is something that has to be done with one's
personality. Carlyle once wrote, for example :

Along with Tombstone-information, perhaps even with-
out much of it, we could have liked to gain some answer in
one way or other to the wide question : What and how
was English Ufe in Johnson's time; wherein has ours
grovn to differ therefrom ? In other words : What things
have we to forget, what to fancy and remember, before we,
from such distance can put ourselves in Johnson's place;
and so, in the full sense of the term, understand him, his
sayings and doings ?

A very important stage in the process of historical
understanding is involved in the point that Carlyle is
making here—the question of what we have to forget,
what we must remember, and what can only be supplied
by our imaginations if we are to translate ourselves into
a different kind of historical world. And the imagina-
tion of the historian is at one with the imagination of the
literary man—the dramatist or the story-teller—in the
particular exercise to which Carlyle refers, namely the
effort to put ourselves in another person's place. The

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